Kakori Conspiracy Case Incident
Before the initiation of Kakori conspiracy (kand) robbery case plan, in 1924, few of the freedom fighters brought four German Mauser from Germany. The specialty of this pistol was it could be converted into rifle with the ring attached at the end of the pistol. It was very popular in those times like the infamous AK-47 and AK-56.
In the year 1925, 9th of august at 2:22 am, the incident took place under the leadership of Ramprasad Bismil along with ten other revolutionaries including Ashfaq Ullah Khan, Rajendra Lahiri and Chandrashekhar Azad (members of HRA) near Kakori railway station on Hardoi-Lucknow Line stopped a passenger train. The treasure was plundered under the leadership of Ramprasad Bismil. Rajendranath Lahadi pulled the chain to stop the train, the treasury bogey was exactly behind the engine, and this was the property of the Indian people from where British already looted.
There was an incident that Chandra Shekhar Azad and Ashfaqullah Khan lifted the heavy treasury box from the bogey and threw them outside. As Sachindranath jumped off the train, Ashfaqullah Khan gave German pistol to Manmath Nath Gupta, there was continuous shooting of British and then one bullet was fired to Mohammad, a co passenger.
Arrest in Connection with Kakori Dacoit Case
About 40 revolutionaries were taken into custody on the basis of prima facie, except Chandrashekhar Azad and Murari Sharma. As a result of arrests made by the police in connection with Kakori robbery case, their many secrets were revealed and a number of party members parted away from each other and this was the time where Bhagat Singh went back to Lahore and even Azad kept traveling from one place to another in disguise. The conspiracy was so well planned that detectives were brought in from Scotland Yard Police. Britishers wouldn’t have thought in their nightmares that this event could have been executed.
As this event led to the unrest among the British Imperialists, the revolutionaries were prosecuted on 26th of September 1925 in Lucknow, as an armed struggle of freedom, in the name of 'Kakori Conspiracy Case'. Jagat Narayan Mulla and his son Anand Narayan Mulla on behalf of Harishchandra Gupta was appointed as the lawyer.
Court Session with Conspiracy Case
On behalf of the revolutionaries, the defendant was Mr. Govind Ballabh Pant (First Chief Minister of the United Provinces of the Interim Government and Independent India and First Home Minister) Sri Chandrabhanu Gupta (Former Chief Minister U.P), Shri Ajit Prasad Jain (Food Minister of Independent India), Shri Mohanlal Saxena, and Famous Barrister from Calcutta B.K Chaudhary, etc.. fought the lawsuit.
The trial began on January 4, 1926 for one of the lawsuits special magistrate Mr. M. Ainuddin Saheb was appointed. Later the trial came in the next court session in the presence of Judge Hamilton. On the revolutionaries instead of section 120, 121 'A' was imposed along with 120 B (clash against the Government and Political conspiracy) and lastly section ‘396’ as Robbery Criminals. As the trial started before the government, the punishment was rejected; hence the Special Magistrate and Special Judge Hamilton did Proceedings only for the sake of formality.
Court Judgment Day
While staging public sentiments, On April 6, 1927, the final judgment was announced. Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ulla Khan, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Lahiri were sentenced to death.
Unfortunetly, Government Advocate Jagat Narayan Mulla, sentenced Roshan Singh also to death, who was neither involved in 'Kakori Conspiracy Case' or in any murder case. Some revolutionaries had been imprisoned for 3 years to 10 years, and four revolutionaries were sentenced to life imprisonment. Despite appeals and mercy in the High Courts, later all four were announced order of execution on December 19, 1927.
Indian people disheartened by this decision and filed a petition under United Provinces of British India to the Viceroy, but unfortunately rejected.
From Inside of Gorakhpur Jail Bismil Wrote
In the first week of December, 1927, Ramprasad Bismil sent a message somehow out of prison that he wanted to write his autobiography. And atlast, he requested for partner should be sent to Gorakhpur to meet him in the jail, to bring the writing materials like books and pen, then Mr. Muniswar Awasthi was sent from Kanpur to Gorakhpur, also a revolutionary and a co-editor in “Swadesh” Journal with Mr. Dasarath Prasad Dwivedi, an experienced Journalist.
He wrote his autobiography at Gorakhpur Jail, the then United Provinces of British India secretly passed it on before death. Later it was published under the cover “Kakori ke Saheedh” in 1928. He was a brave leader in the Kakori Rail dacoit episode. Ram Prasad Bismil joined the selective band of masters who had a vision of free India and made the supreme sacrifice, so that the dreams come true. “Bismil” is the pen name of Ram Prasad Bismil he is well known as a great revolutionary poet in Hindi. At the end of his autobiography, he has reproduced some selective poems. Every line of his poems throws the patriotism fervour.
End of Kakori Prisonment in terms of
Ashfaqullah Khan’s patriotism also became a profound life for his friend. The undaunting life of these two ended together. On 19th of December 1927, along with Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Roshan Singh were executed in the Kakori gang decoit.
Bismil was hanged on 19th December 1927 at Gorakhpur Jail, United Provinces of British India and later his body was cremated at Raj Ghat. At a very young age of 30, his death rowed the country of one of the Chief Revolutionaries of the Indian free struggle. His pen worked like a canon which fired bullet of patriotism among the great revolutionaries.
The desire for revolution is in our hearts let us see what strength is there in the arms of the executioners.
The country remembers the great revolutionary on his birth anniversary.
Questions and Answers
Q 1. Under whose leadership Kakori Conspiracy Case Incident took place
a) Chandrashekhar Azad
b) Ramprasad Bismil
c) Rajendra Lahiri
d) None of these
Q 2. Consider the following statements.
1) Ramprasad Bismil
2) Chandrashekhar Azad
3) Murari Sharma
4) Ashfaqullah Khan
Who among the following were not arrested in Kakori Conspiracy Case?
a) 1 & 2
b) 1 & 3
c) 3 & 4
d) 2 & 3
Q 3. Under Kakori Conspiracy Case one of the revolutionary was sentenced to death, even who was not involved in this case, who is this revolutionary?
a) Roshan Singh
b) Ramprasad Bismil
c) Rajendra Lahiri
d) Ashfaq Ulla Khan
Q 4. Where did Ram Prasad Bismil wrote his autobiography
a) Gorakhpur Jail
b) Delhi Jail
c) Patna Jail
d) None of these
Q 5. which cover did Bismil autobiography was published?
a) Kakori ke Rail
b) Kakori Ke Saheedh
c) My Kakori
d) Kakori Conspiracy