Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy -Biography and Life History

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (Dr. B.C Roy) - His biography which covers early life, education, work and achievements, further depth information available on his medical work, politics (rajniti sarkar) and etc in below content.

• Birthday – 1st of July 1882 Patna, Bihar
• Died - 1st of July 1962
• Notable Awards – Bharat Ratna 1961

It is obviously true that fame cannot be easily earned in anyone's life. Dr. Roy was such a great person who earned ultimate fame and also doctorate for his incomparable social services. Bidhan was born on the 1st of July 1882 to Prakash Chandra and Aghore kamini Devi at Bankipur in Patna on the banks of the river Ganges.

We will now embark on a journey into the life and time of Bidhan and trace the events which have led to the shaping of the personality of Dr. Roy into a Bharat Ratna the precious dwell among Indians. He is a brilliant academician, Eminent Physician, erudite scholar, insightful politician, a Patriot to the core and one of the builders of modern India, whose love story towards nation was immense. Though from a royal family, he was greatly influenced by the simplicity and discipline of his parents. He had a compassion for giving charity, love, affection and understanding of human being which formed by the main principles of the family, as preached by Swami Vivekananda. He lost his mother when he was just 14 years of age. B.C Roy was also profoundly guided by the court displayed in his house by his father, which read “Don't say I cannot do it, never accept defeat whatever the odds”.

Roy on completing the B.A degree from Patna College with honors in Math, was offered the post of deputy magistrate by the lieutenant governor of Bihar. However, B.C. Roy applied for admission to the Bengal Engineering College and the Calcutta Medical College and finally opted to go to medical school and left for Calcutta in June 1901. While at college, Principal Dr. Lucas mentored Roy and instilled in him the spirits of sacrifice and service to his fellow men, which later on formed the basis of the code of moral conduct in Roy's professional life. On completion of his graduation, Dr. Roy wanted to pursue postgraduate studies only at the St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, one of the oldest and most distinguished hospitals in the world, founded in the year 1123. It was clear that Williams Harvey conducted his research on the circulatory system in the 17th century. In 1909 Dr. Roy set sail to London with only rupees 1,200. Being an Asian doctor he was refused admission at the St. Bartholomew's and it is only on his 30th attempt that Dean Dr. Shaw offered him admission.

To meet these educational expenses he worked as a nurse during his free time. Being intelligent, hard-working, persistent, determined and focused on his goal, he was able to accomplish the rare feat to becoming a member of the Royal College of Physicians and a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, a physician and a surgeon simultaneously in May 1911. Congratulating Dr. Roy, Dean Dr. Shaw confessed “I am really ashamed of my conduct in not admitting you into this institution when you came to me first, I would in future admit any student who obtains a letter of introduction from you, without any question”. Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy on his return to India in July 1911 a kalyani (auspicious) day, set up practice and started free medical services for the poor people living around his areas, which became the central passion of his life. His kindness, healing touch and capacity to nurse patients back to health, is legendary.

Dr. B.C. Roy was a physician to Mahatma Gandhi and a scene with a group of reporters at the Aga khan palace in Pune, in 1943, briefing them on the status of Gandhi's health while into this 21st day of fasting. In 1948 while Dr. Roy was attending on Gandhi at Delhi, the Bengal Congress legislative party proposed Dr. Roy as the leader - which Gandhi remarked that he is duty-bound to accept the decision and on 23rd January 1948 Dr. Roy was sworn in as a second Chief Minister of West Bengal by Governor C Rajagopalachari.

Dr. B.C. Roy was Indian Medical Association (IMA) President 1929, Calcutta Corporation Aldermen 1930-31, Calcutta Corporation mayor 1933, Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University 1941, President Medical Council of India 1944, President Indian Science Congress 1957. In recognition of his illustrious medical career and extraordinary accomplishments, as people's Chief Minister and selfless service to the people of this country, spanning a period of 14 years, the President of India, Dr. Babu Rajendra Prasad conferred the highest civilian award of our country, the Bharat Ratna on Dr. B.C. Roy on the 4th of February 1961. On 7th of August 1961 Dr. Roy, while on an official visit to the White House, the then President of the United States of America John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was aware of Dr. Roy's reputation as a physician, requested Dr. Roy to examine him and opine for his back pain. The American president communicated to Dr. Roy regarding the betterment of his problem consequent to following his treatment plan, truly a great moment of pride for every Indian.

On the 1st of July 1962, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy attended to his patients in the morning, looked into the affairs of the state, gifted his house to be converted into hospital, so as to be named after his mother Aghore Kamini Devi and left for heavenly abode. Having fruitfully completed his sojourn on this planet, much like Gautama Buddha, the enlightened one, Bidhan, also breathed his last (death) on the same calendar day on which he was born.

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