Lal Bahadur Shastri - Biography
Lal Bahadur Shastri biography complete information and up to date history.
Lal Bahadur Shastri, who succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister of India, managed the affairs of the nation, successfully. He was noted as a man of peace. He had participated in the freedom struggle and served in Nehru's cabinet. He faced Pakistan boldly when it invaded India in September, 1965. Though he participated successfully in the Indo-Pak agreement signed in Tashkent (U.S.S.R.), he passed away there itself on January 11, 1966. Only a few hours had elapsed after he signed the agreement.
Born in an ordinary middle class family, on October 2, 1904 at Mughal Sarai in Uttar Pradesh, he spent his childhood in poverty and penury. But he was a man with humanism, honesty and straightforwardness. After education at Kashi Vidyapeeth, he devoted himself for social life and joined the ‘Servants of People Society’ founded by Lala Lajpat Rai.
Lal Bahadur's father passed away when he was just one and half year old. Lal Bahadur remained at his granddaddy Hazari Lal's home until he was ten years old. He analyzed up to category IV at Train Institution Mughalsarai. Since there was no university in the city, he was sent to Varanasi. While in Varanasi, Shastri once went with his friends to see a festival at the bank of the river Ganges. On the way returning, he had no cash for giving boat fare. . Instead of credit from his friends, he hopped into the stream and swam to other part of Ganges.
As a boy, Lal Bahadur liked studying guides and was attached to Lord Nanak's holy verses. He recognized Bal Gangadhar Tilak, the Native Indian nationalist, public reformer and independence activist. After listening to a conversation of Mahatma Gandhi at Varanasi in the year of 1915, he devoted his lifestyle to the assistance of the nation. He also decreased his last name Srivastava as it indicated his special caste and he was against the entire caste program. During the non-cooperation activity of Mahatma Gandhi in the year of 1921, he registered processions in defiance of the prohibitory purchase. He was caught but let off, as he was a very young. He then registered at the nationalist party of Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi. During his four decades there, he was significantly affected by the talks of Dr. Bhagawandas on viewpoint. Upon realization his course at Kashi Vidyapeeth in the year of 1926, he was given the name Shastri means scholar. The name was a bachelor’s level granted by the Vidya Peeth, but it trapped as aspect of his name. He also registered himself as a lifestyle participant of the servants of the individuals community and started to perform for the progress of the Harijans at the city of Muzaffarpur. After sometime, he became the Chief executive of the Community. Shastri wedded Lalita Devi of Mirzapur in 16th of May 1928. Despite the existing considerable dowry custom, Shastri approved only a Charkha and a few gardens of Khadi as dowry. Therefore, Lal Bahadur Shastri was a great freedom fighter and true leader of the India who changed the nation.
That was the time when the freedom movement was at its peak. Shastri plunged into the freedom struggle. After India won independence, his first entry was into U.P. political Arena. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was much impressed with shastri's ability and took him to the Centre-stage of Indian politics. He was made the general secretary of the Congress because of his organisational abilities.
Later, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Union Minister for Railways. But he soon resigned from this post, owning moral responsibility for a major railway accident as the Minister in charge of railway. He thus set a rare example and precedent in political administration. When Jawaharlal Nehru died in the year 1964, he was elected as the 2nd Prime Minister of India. His life was a saga of high moral conduct, simplicity of behaviour, sacrifice, politeness, and firm determination.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was posthumously conferred the ‘Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian award, in recognition of his services to the nation. A memorial has been set up at Vijay Ghat, Delhi, which shall always remind us of his greatness.
Shastri impressed one and all by his statesmanship, honesty and administrative ability. He has left an indelible mark on the political scene of this country.
• Born - 2 October 1904, Mughalsarai, Banaras – ( Lal bahadur shastri birthday )
• Nationality - Indian
• Died / death - 11 January 1966 (aged 61) Tent, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union
• Alma Mater - East Central Railway Enter College in Mughalsarai and Varanasi
• Fields - Politics, Academic Activist
• Institutions - Notable Awards - Bharat Ratna, Memorial "Vijay Ghat" was built for him in Delhi, The International Airport at the City of Varanasi is named after him, A Monument and a street is named after him in the city of Tashkent, Uzbekistan, A stadium is named after him in the city of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
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