Rabindranath Tagore's Early Life and Works List
Tagore's Early life :
- In the northern part of the sprawling city in the area known as Jorasanko in Chitpur was the family residence of the Tagores. The Tagores had an impressive lineage, it dated back to the first group of Brahmo Samaj that came from Kanoj and settled in Bengal in 8th century.
- He was born in the Jorasanko mansion in Kolkata. His parents were Debendranath Tagore and Sharada Devi.
- He attended St Xaviers Collegiate School for a short time but he refused to be bowed down by formal education and therefore frequently changed schools and even colleges.
- He began to write when he was eight. When he was sixteen his poetry was first published under his pen name Bhanusingho. He began writing short stories and drama in 1877.
- He married Mrinalini Devi and had five children.
Tagore's Deeds and Works :
- Rabindranath Tagore works included poetries, songs and novels. His most famous works are Gitanjali and novels like Gora, Ghare Baire and Shesher Kobita. Few of his famous poetries were spread across Africa, Camalia, Manasi, Sonar Tori, Bolaka and Purobi. He composed about 2230 songs which are famously known as Rabindra Sangeet which forms an integral part of the Bengali culture.
- He also penned down several dramas Valmiki Pratibha, Dak Ghar, Chitrangada, Chandalika, Raktakaravi, Raja and Mayar Khela.
- His creation of the several short stories compilation, the three volume Golpoghuchcho deserves a special mention in his life.
- Rabindranath Tagor rarely wrote in the Sanskritised form of Bengali Shuddho Bhasa and popularised the Chalti Bhasa the easier and common form.
- He took up drawing and painting at the age sixty. He embellished his own handwriting in his manuscripts which are of great value to his readers.
- He was awarded the Sir Title by the British but he declined it as a mark of protest to the oppression carried out by the British in India.
- He has composed the National Anthem of two nations Jana Gana Mana for India and Amar Shonar Bangla for Bangladesh.
- He found the Vishva Bharati University in Shantiniketon.
On the 7th of august 1941 in the city of Calcutta a man died his mortal remains perished he left behind him a heritage which no fire could consume. Its a heritage of words and music and poetry of ideas and ideals and it has the part to move us to inspire us today and the days to come. We who owe him so much and salute his memories and is celebrated by millions of Bengalis all around the world on his birth anniversary. His work had a great impact on the socio-political condition during the British rule and continues to mesmerize readers around the globe till date.
Useful Information :
- Born - 7 May 1861(1861-05-07) Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
- Died - 7 August 1941(1941-08-07) (aged 80) Calcutta, Bengal Province, British India
- Pen Name - Gurudev/Bhanu Shingho
- Occupations - Poet, writer, lecturer
- Nationality - Indian
- Ethnicity - Bengali
- Alma Mater - St. Xavier's Collegiate School, Calcutta
- Genres - Poet, novelist, short-story writer, essayist, playwright, thespian, educationist, spiritualist, philosopher, internationalist, painter, cultural relativist, orator, composer, song-writer, singer, artist
- Subjects - Literature
- Literary movement - Bengal Renaissance
- Notable work(s) - Gitanjali Gora, Ghare-Baire
- Notable Award(s) - Nobel Prize in Literature 1913
- Spouse(s) - Mrinalini Devi (1873–1901)